Intermediate Sanctions

Sponsors: State Justice Institute

This project disseminated lessons from earlier State Justice Institute-sponsored efforts regarding intermediate sanctions in order to provide judges and other criminal justice decision makers with the means to: develop a greater level of understanding about the most effective methods to create, implement, and utilize an appropriate array of intermediate sanctions; more effectively utilize these intermediate sanctions in their own jurisdictions; increase the understanding and acceptance of the essential role of the judiciary as the leadership in such efforts; and use training and education sessions as opportunities to begin building the kinds of collaborative working relationships among policymakers that will make the appropriate use of intermediate sanctions possible. The project achieved these goals through two activity areas: the broadcast of a national videoconference and the production of a series of video seminars capturing information from the videoconference and other sources that offered information and assistance to judges and policy teams on intermediate sanctions.

Sponsors: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections State Justice Institute Edna McConnell Clark Foundation

This joint undertaking was designed to promote the development of local sentencing policy regarding intermediate sanctions through training and technical assistance to clusters of local jurisdictions in four states, for a total of 31 participating jurisdictions. The goal of the project was to assist policy teams in the development of policy that would: articulate the jurisdiction’s goals for its criminal justice sanctioning system; determine the sanctioning options needed to achieve them; specify the target population for which each option is intended; devise the methods by which that target population is directed to each option; and structure the programs intended to carry out the sanctioning choices.

Policy teams from the 31 local jurisdictions came together in four symposia in 1994, 1995, and 1996 for four days of workshops and team work sessions. Following the symposia, participating jurisdictions received individualized technical assistance from Center staff and consultants over a twenty-four month period.

Sponsors: Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction

Under contract from the State of Ohio, the Center designed and facilitated a three-day symposium for teams from 48 counties on the formation of local intermediate sanctions policy teams. These teams were trained in both group process and the intermediate sanctions process, a method to assist policymakers in assessing their current sanctioning options and developing policy to guide their more effective use. Center staff were responsible for training 40 internal Department of Correction employees in basic facilitation skills in order to equip them to work effectively as team facilitators throughout the three-day event.

Sponsors: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance

As part of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance’s implementation of a Congressional mandate to assist state and local governments to develop correctional options, the Bureau of Justice Assistance contracted with the Center to provide training to 25 state and local jurisdictions selected to participate in the Correctional Options Grant Program. Two training sessions for teams of key decision makers from the selected jurisdictions were convened, providing decision makers with training on the intermediate sanctions process and in the empirical analysis that is required to target offenders for correctional options. The training sessions made extensive use of the Intermediate Sanctions Handbook: Tools and Experiences for Policymakers, produced by the Center in connection with the National Intermediate Sanctions Project. As a result of the workshops, participating teams implemented local processes around the more effective use of correctional options.

Sponsors: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections State Justice Institute

This joint national project of the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections and the State Justice Institute was aimed at increasing the collaboration between the courts and corrections in achieving more effective sentencing in local jurisdictions and in determining the appropriate use of intermediate sanctions. The Center administered the project in collaboration with the Institute for Court Management of the National Center for State Courts.

The Center worked with 25 jurisdictions over the life of the project. Working directly with judges, prosecutors, defenders, community corrections personnel, law enforcement, and legislators, the Center assisted participating jurisdictions in reaching a common understanding about effective sentencing practices that make more appropriate use of intermediate sanctions. Examining the sentencing process, formulating articulated goals for achieving justice in individual cases, and developing policies and plans to achieve those goals were integral aspects of the work.

The Intermediate Sanctions Handbook: Tools and Experiences for Policymakers, authored by Center staff in 1993, was developed as a resource for participating teams and others interested in replicating this work.

Sponsors: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment

A Center staff member co-chaired a panel convened by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment to produce a monograph that synthesized the current state of knowledge and provided guidance and direction to state and local efforts to coordinate drug treatment resources in the community with intermediate sanctions. Its production involved identification of key experts from both fields of the endeavor, creation of an agenda for panel deliberations, and an outline of the monograph, and edit and final review of its content.

Sponsors: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections

In cooperation with the Institute for Rational Public Policy, the Center conducted a review of residential community corrections agencies nationwide. The Center re-analyzed a database compiled through a survey of such agencies and supplemented that with on-site case studies in order to supplement the survey’s quantitative picture with qualitative information about how programs operate and the role they play in the system of sanctions available to the courts.

  • Facilitating the Appropriate use of Intermediate Sanctions: A Video Seminar Series for Judges. State Justice Institute. (1997)